About North Caldwell
North Caldwell was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 31, 1898, from portions of Caldwell Township (now known as Fairfield Township). In 1982, North Caldwell became a township to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies. Effective January 1, 1992, it again became a borough.
Grover Cleveland, the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, and the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms, was born in Caldwell on March 18, 1837. His father, Rev. Richard Cleveland, was pastor of the First Presbyterian Church. The Grover Cleveland birthplace — the church’s former rectory — is now a museum and is open to the public.
New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked North Caldwell as its 10th best place to live in its 2010 rankings of the “Best Places To Live” in New Jersey.
The North Caldwell Public Schools serve students in Kindergarten through sixth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Grandview School for grades K-3 (412 students; Michael Stefanelli, Principal) and Gould School for grades 4-6 (319 students; Gina Verni, Principal).
North Caldwell is home to the West Essex Regional School District, which also serves public school students from Fairfield, Essex Fells and Roseland in Grades 7-12. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are West Essex Junior High School (grades 7-8; 833 students) and West Essex High School (grades 9-12; 729 students).
North Caldwell is located at 40°51’49″N 74°15’31″W (40.863532, -74.258700).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all of it land.
North Caldwell is bordered by Cedar Grove, Wayne, Fairfield Township, West Caldwell, Caldwell, Essex Fells and Verona.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,375 people, 2,070 households, and 1,834 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,464.6 people per square mile (952.3/km2). There were 2,108 housing units at an average density of 704.5/sq mi (272.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 79.63% White, 14.51% African American, 0.03% Native American, 4.71% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.16% of the population.
There were 2,070 households out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.5% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.4% were non-families. 9.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the borough the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 118.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.2 males.
North Caldwell is an extremely wealthy borough and has consistently been ranked as one of the wealthiest towns not only in the state but in the country. The median income for a household in the borough was $117,395, and the median income for a family was $125,465. Males had a median income of $87,902 versus $47,904 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $48,249. About 0.8% of families and 1.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.